Green Revolution has brought prosperity to Farmers. 1. Green revolution, great increase in production of food grains (especially wheat and rice) that resulted in large part from the introduction into developing countries of new, high-yielding varieties, beginning in the mid-20th century. 2. Green Revolution was introduced to bring about revolutionary changes in agriculture especially in foodgrains like wheat and rice to increase production through high yielding varieties of seeds, fertilisers and scientific irrigation. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED 1. Throughout history there have been many revolutions that have occurred and changed human lives, such as the American Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. The Third Agricultural Revolution, which is commonly referred to as the "Green Revolution," refers to a set of initiatives in the field of research technologies that began in the 1950s and finished in the late 1960s. 2. It was thought that with the increased production due to Green Revolution, government can maintain buffer stock and India can achieve self-sufficiency and self-reliable. Marketising Agriculture: Agriculture was basically for subsistence and, therefore, less amount of agricultural product was offered for sale in … India was able to become self-sufficient in foodgrain production for the first time in decades. Paragraph, Essay and Speech on “Impact of Green Revolution” Paragraph for Class 9, Class 10, Class 12 Class and Graduate Exams. 2. The use of modern science to improve agricultural practices has made this possible. Green Revolution is associated with agricultural production. The green revolution allows imparting such techniques in agriculture which may provide a sustainable development. The Green Revolution was introduced to the Indian farmers for the cultivation of rice and wheat using HYV seeds. (iii) Higher yield enabled farmers to sell the surplus food in the market and earn more. The main features of Green Revolution in India are: 1. The needs of Green Revolution are as follows. (C) In many areas, Green Revolution is associated with the loss of soil fertility due to increased use of chemical ferticlisers. Demand for consumer goods in Punjab has increased. Class 12 is the final chapter of school life and forms the foundation for your college education, and consequently, your career. Scientists discovered new chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides that helped to increase more nutrients and high-yield in … These seeds however required plenty of water and also chemical fertilisers and pesticides to produce best results. Increased use of fertilizers, pesticides and weedicides in order to reduce agricultural loses. is done on EduRev Study Group by Class 12 Students. 2. The green revolution has been basically a contribution of the middle class peasantry who have had traditionally a strong attachment to land and agriculture as a mode of life and livelihood. 4. (iv) Effect on Consumers: Green revolution has brought prosperity to rural masses. Green revolution made a departure from the traditional pattern. Social Consequences of Green Revolution. Pests and insects controlled by pesticides and insecticides. Conclusion Green Revolution has done a lot of positive things, saving the lives of millions peoples and exponentially increasing the yield of food crops. (d) It supported strongly the […] Machines made for ploughing harvesting easy. Green revolution was the advanvement in agriculture and production of crops and higher yields because of the introduction of new machines, use of effective fertilisers and other chemicals, introduction of high-yielding varieties, etc. Secondary) » Essay on “Second Green Revolution” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes. NCERT solutions for Class 12 is an essential learning resource that will help you understand the syllabus clearly from an examination point of view. Bumper crops have generated employment opportunities for rural masses. Green revolution has benefited the industrial development. Beginning in the mid-1940s researchers in Mexico developed broadly adapted, short-stemmed, disease-resistant wheats that excelled at converting fertilizer and water into high yields. Green revolution involves in it, to spread awareness among the farmers and the peasant; bringing an opportunity before the people of the lower class to compete with the big and dominating class … Displacement of service class. Standard of living has gone up in Punjab. Which of these statements about the Bombay Plan is incorrect? Merits of the Green Revolution. Higher yield due to the use of HYV seeds. 14. What Is the Green Revolution? 6. The Green Revolution is referred to as the process of increasing agricultural production by incorporating modern tools and techniques. The Questions and Answers of Write a short note on Green Revolution? Higher Yield. It led to increase in the production of food grains, especially, of rice and wheat. Know more about White revolution, Operation Flood, National Dairy Development Board and other details related to the white revolution in Indian in this article. Learn more about the green revolution in this article. 12. 5. The term green revolution was coined by _____ (a) William S Gaud (b) M.S. But environmental degradation makes the Green Revolution an overall inefficient, short-term solution to the problem of food insecurity. Swaminathan (c) Dr. B.P. Green Revolution is also known as Seed-Water-Fertilizers-Pesticides-Technology.• In 1965 the government of Mrs. Indra Gandhi decided to take a major step on Agriculture condition.• Thus "Green Revolution" was applied to the period from 1967 … Green Revolution introduces a number of modern farming methods in India. Home » Languages » English (Sr. Why was public sector given a leading role in industrial development during the planning period? The rapid growth in the production of the horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, tuber crops, flowers, etc. Pal (d) Dr. N.E. Class-12CBSE Board - Green Revolution and its Social Consequences - LearnNext offers animated video lessons with neatly explained examples, Study Material, FREE … Second Green Revolution The first green revolution doubled food grain production. Machines like harvesters, tractors and threshers have made ploughing and harvesting faster and easier. Surplus food can be sold to earn more. Loss of fertility with use of chemicalfertilizers. 13. Green Revolution in Arid Areas This discussion on Write a short note on Green Revolution? Demerits of green revolution : 1. Explain the statement that green revolution enabled the government to procure sufficient food grains to build its stocks that could be used during times of shortage. Indian Economy 1950-1990 Class 12 Notes Economics in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. Limitation of green Revolution : (A) HYV seeds need plenty of water and also chemical fertilizers. (b) It supported state-ownership of industry. Class-12-commerce » Economics. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 12, which is also the largest student community of Class 12. Green revolution is the rapid increase in agricultural production (especially wheat and rice) during 1960-70. Instead of increase in wages, they decreased as there was so much demand for agricultural labour. Green Revolution refers to a significant improvement in agricultural production. Merits of the Green Revolution Green Revolution introduced a number of modern farming methods in India. Higher yield enabled farmers to sell the surplus food in the market and earn more. Green Revolution occurred as a result of the adoption of the “new agricultural strategy” in 1964-65. Borlaug has been hailed as father of Green Revolution, but MS Swaminathan is known as 'Father of Green Revolution in India'.. Agriculture is regarded as a profitable occupation. Low Irrigation Facility: The well irrigated and permanent irrigated area was only 17% in 1951. (ii) Machines like harvesters, tractors and threshers have made ploughing and harvesting faster and easier. All work which used to be done by manual labour was replaced by machines (harvestees etc.) Need of Green Revolution. Thus, Green Revolution is the term used to describe a new strategy of agricultural development introduced in the late 1960s, in India. (c) It was made by some leading industrialists. The need for innovation in irrigation (“The Green Revolution”) One rainy season: monsoon Only one growing season Irrigation projects of the Green Revolution Various undertakings: water channels, dams Permitted double-cropping (“the Green Revolution”) From 1947 to now (Dehadrai) (i) Higher yield due to the use of HYV seeds. It has been achieved through introduction of high yielding varieties, increased irrigation facilities, fertilizer application, pesticides and agriculture management, Dr. MS Swaminathan is known as Fathe of Green Revolution in India. (vi) Change in Attitudes: A healthy contribution of green revolution is the change in the attitudes of farmers. Then Green revolution in 1960’s is one of the important era in India history. Rich became richer and poor became poorer. Failures of green revolution 12. Introduction of new and high yielding variety of seeds. (B) Higher production is possible only from a combination of HYV seeds, irrigation, chemical fertilisers, pesticides etc. Merits of green revolution : 1. White Revolution also known as Operation Flood is the dairy development movement by the government of India. (a) It was a blueprint for India’s economic future. Borlaug Green Revolution refers to the process in which crop production is increased many-fold. This increase in the production of the food grains is known as the Green Revolution. The best app for CBSE students now provides Indian Economy 1950-1990 class 12 Notes Economics latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE exams and school-based annual examinations. The impact of green revolution and its major achievements are listed below: Agricultural productivity increased sharply because of the new technology. Good irrigation enhances production. Rapid social and economic transformations were seen in in the areas of Punjab, Western UP, Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Parts of Tamil Nadu etc. However there were certain limitation of the Green Revolution: 1. It brought about significant increase in food production in India. Many industries producing agriculture, machinery, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides etc., have come up to meet the growing demand for these commodities. is known as Golden Revolution. Dr. Verghese Kurien is known as the father of White Revolution in India. 3. The major part of area was dependent on rainfall and, consequently, agriculture suffered from low level of production. Payment was shifted from land to cash. Green Revolution, term referring mainly to dramatic increases in cereal-grain yields in many developing countries beginning in the late 1960s, due largely to use of genetically improved varieties.