This article is about pneumonia caused by bacteria. Practicing good hygiene can help prevent the spread of pneumonia or the risk of catching it. Symptoms of pneumonia . The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is due to Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. People often have small amounts of germs in their nose and throat that can be passed on through: Some cases of bacterial pneumonia will require hospitalization for treatment. Although more than 100 strains of infectious agents have been identified, only a few are responsible for the majority of cases. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive bacterium that often lives in the throat of people who do not have pneumonia. Streptococcus pneumoniae (J13) is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia in all age groups except newborn infants. In the United States, common causes of viral pneumonia are influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). However, bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia in adults, and the most frequent culprit is Streptococcus pneumoniae. The most common is Streptococcus pneumoniae. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. In some cases, your child may not even act like they are sick. Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type of pneumonia in adults and is typically caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. But if they are not sure, you might have to get a chest X-ray. (24% and 13%, respectively, in one series) and gram-negative organisms, including Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Escherichia, Stenotrophomonas, Legionella, Acinetobacter, Serratia, Proteus, Enterobacter, and … In the hospital, you’ll be given antibiotics to treat the specific type of bacteria causing your pneumonia. The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, a common cause of pneumonia, imaged by an electron microscope Pneumonia is due to infections caused primarily by bacteria or viruses and less commonly by fungi and parasites. They may display similar symptoms to the ones above. Many germs can cause pneumonia. What are the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia? Use a humidifier or take a warm bath (more gunk-loosening). Bacterial pneumonia can occur on its own or develop after you've had a viral cold or the flu. Different types of bacteria can cause pneumonia. It's usually caused by an infection, most commonly bacteria and viruses, which are both contagious. Catching pneumonia. This bacterium may live in your upper respiratory tract. The severity of your pneumonia depends on: The most common symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are: Older adults will share all the symptoms with younger adults, but are much more likely to experience confusion and dizziness. Gastric Ulcer: Gastric ulcers are caused by many factors like excess acid secretion, stress etc. Older adults may also be less likely to have a fever. Last medically reviewed on March 17, 2017. Common Causes of Pneumonia. You have probably heard of pneumonia, which is an infection of the lungs. Bacterial pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs due to bacterial infection. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. People who have a higher risk for pneumonia may: Doctors classify bacterial pneumonia based on whether it developed inside or outside a hospital. Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae germ that normally lives in the upper respiratory tract. Some of these germs do spread from person to person, so you may be contagious if you have certain types of pneumonia. These sacs may also fill with fluid, pus, and cellular debris. Take a sample of mucus, or a sputum culture, to identify the bacterium causing the infection. Some people may need extra tests. You have a higher risk of getting bacteria pneumonia if you: People who have a weakened immune system also have an increased risk for bacterial pneumonia. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If the pneumonia is stubborn or severe, you might have to go to the hospital. Absent the secondary bacterial infections, many patients might have survived, experts at the time believed. When this happens, the air sacs in your lungs get infected and inflamed. The specific bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis vary based on the age of the infected person. Pneumonia Types - What Is Bacterial Pneumonia? However, pneumonia due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae and tuberculosis are exceptions. This type is caused by various bacteria. Why Your Sensitivity Is Really a Strength, most likely to affect healthy people with strong immune systems, more likely to affect someone with a lowered immune system, or someone who is recovering from a respiratory infection, may be more aggressive and difficult to treat, how quickly you are diagnosed and treated, working in an environment with a lot of pollution, living or working in a hospital setting or nursing facility, difficulty swallowing due to neurological conditions such as, weakened immune system due to illness or medications. Bacterial pneumonia is frequently caused by Staphylococcus and Streptococcus spp. That will allow them to hear sounds that show there’s fluid in your lungs. A claim posted on Twitter says that most deaths in the 1918 influenza pandemic originated from bacterial pneumonia caused by face masks and that Dr Anthony Fauci, the … Mycoplasma pneumonia is a contagious respiratory infection. How is aspiration pneumonia different from other pneumonias, and what are the causes, symptoms, and risk factors? Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The symptoms can come on fast and furious, or they can creep up on you over a few days. The germs that can cause pneumonia are usually breathed in. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can all cause meningitis. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Pneumococcus bacteria are spread through coughing, sneezing, and close co… Pneumocystic Carinii. Common symptoms are: There are two kinds of shots for bacterial pneumonia: Talk to your doctor to find out if you or your child should get a shot. It can spread through coughs, sneezes, and contamination on objects. To diagnose bacterial pneumonia, your doctor will: Most cases can be treated at home, with medications, to prevent complications from a hospital setting. These might include: Your doctor probably will prescribe antibiotics. Bacterial pneumonia. Those at greatest risk for bacterial pneum… There is a vaccination for this type. Mycoplasma Symptoms . But sometimes these germs can overpower your immune system, even if your health is generally good.Pneumonia is classified according to the types of germs that cause it and where you got the infection. Pneumonia can make it difficult for your body to get enough oxygen to your blood, which can cause cells to not work properly. The most common one is Streptococcus (pneumococcus), but other bacteria can cause it too. Other bacteria that can cause pneumonia include: People who have these conditions may be at an increased risk for pneumonia: People over the age of 65 and children 2 and younger are also at a higher risk for developing pneumonia. Overview. These bacteria can cause many types of illnesses, including: pneumonia (infection of the lungs), ear infections, sinus infections, meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), and bacteremia (blood stream infection). Pneumonia for this group can be life-threatening. Seek immediate medical attention if you are experiencing: Bacteria pneumonia is caused by bacteria that works its way into the lungs and then multiplies. Symptoms: Severe pain in the abdomen, loose motions, weakness, and fever. Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI. Without treatment, pneumonia may develop into: Bacterial pneumonia itself is not contagious, but the infection that caused bacterial pneumonia is contagious. The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia. Viral pneumonia may clear up on its own; however, when severe, it can be life-threatening. Signs of this potentially fatal complication. Pneumonia is a common lung infection where the lungs’ air sacks become inflamed. But there are a few differences between viral and bacterial pneumonia. Viruses are generally not as common a cause of CAP as some bacteria. Many different bacteria, viruses, and even fungi can cause pneumonia. It's usually caused by a bacterial infection. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. The two most common causes of pneumonia are bacteria and viruses. Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of your lungs caused by certain bacteria. They may also exhibit blueish lips or nails, which indicates that they aren’t getting enough oxygen. Learn more about…, Many people can fight flu symptoms with lots of rest and fluids, but certain high-risk groups may experience dangerous complications as a result of…. Stay home until your fever goes down and you aren’t coughing anything out. Bacterial pneumonia can be mild or serious. All rights reserved. The flu is one of the most common causes of viral pneumonia in adults, though … It can occur on its own or develop after another illness, like a cold or the flu. Learn more. It infects over 900,000 Americans every year. Pneumonia is swelling (inflammation) of the tissue in one or both lungs. The flu is one of the most common causes of viral pneumonia in adults, though post-flu complications can also cause bacterial pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia often affects just one part, or lobe, of a lung. For adults and adolescents, Neisseria meningitidis and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most common causes of the disease. It can be caused by viruses, fungi, or bacteria. What is bacterial pneumonia? Besides pneumonia, pneumococcus can cause other types of … The most common one is Streptococcus (pneumococcus), but other bacteria can cause it too. Learn about the symptoms of viral pneumonia and how to treat this contagious condition. All rights reserved. These are spread among people by breathing in infected dro… But there are a number of other causes of pneomonia, such as viral and fungal etiologies. Pneumonia can be particularly dangerous for infants, children, and toddlers. This type of pneumonia generally occurs after an illness such as cold or flu. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. The two most common causes of pneumonia are bacteria and viruses. Pneumocystic Carinii Symptoms. If you have lung cancer, you may have an increased risk for pneumonia. The common causes of pneumonia include bacterial and viral infections. Pneumonia caused by bacterial infections poses a much greater threat to the heart than pneumonia caused by viral infections, a new study suggests. Chemical, dust, and other inhaled or aspirated substances can also cause a non-infectious pneumonitis. It’s a sign you still care when the world needs it most. Most infections are due to bacteria or viruses, but some are caused by fungi. organ failure, due to bacterial infection. The symptoms of pneumonia can develop suddenly over 24 to 48 hours, or they may come on more slowly over several days. In infants, difficulty breathing may show up as flaring nostrils or chest sinking when breathing. Visual Guide To Bronchitis: Symptoms, How Long It Lasts, Recovery, Have another condition that weakens your body’s defenses, Feeling like you can’t catch your breath, especially when you move around a lot, People who have a high risk of bacterial pneumonia, Children older than 2 who have a high risk of bacterial pneumonia, People between 19 and 64 who smoke or have. They fill up with fluid, and that causes pneumonia. 6. Your lungs become inflamed and cannot work well. Bacterial Pneumonia Streptococcal pneumonia, caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, is the single most common form of pneumonia, especially in hospitalized patients. Other things you can do to help yourself get better: Most people who are treated for bacterial pneumonia start feeling better in a few days, but it can take a few weeks before you feel 100% better. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Viral Pneumonia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and More, Aspiration Pneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Everything You Should Know About Walking Pneumonia in Kids. It can enter your lungs through inhalation or through your bloodstream. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): This is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia. However, clinicians are not always able to find out which germ caused … Home remedies can't treat pneumonia, but they can be used to effectively manage its symptoms. Do you have viral or bacterial pneumonia? However, they are distinct diseases. Your body usually prevents these germs from infecting your lungs. It’s very important that you finish all of these. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also recommends a pneumonia vaccine for infants, young children, and adults age 65 and older. If you’re young and basically healthy, these bacteria can live in your throat without causing any trouble. Pneumonia can be life threatening, especially in babies, young children and people older than 60, so it’s important to see a doctor right away. A healthy person may recover within one to three weeks. Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria (pneumococcus). whitish mucus, chills and fever, weakness. In many cases, people contract pneumonia when bacteria they normally carry in the nose or throat are spread to the lungs. These include those who recently had an organ transplant. It is caused by bacteria like Shigella and Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli. Causes: Water contamination. In bacterial pneumonia, there will likely be a much more visible presence of fluid in the lungs than viral pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia germs are easily spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or has close contact with others. What increases your risk for bacterial pneumonia? Besides getting shots, you can lower your risk of getting bacterial pneumonia by doing these things: Your doctor might be able to tell if you have bacterial pneumonia just by examining you and asking questions about your symptoms and general health. Cough, Fever, Tachpnea, Dyspnea Most commonly found in the lungs of healthy people but can cause lung infection in people with weak immune system. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. It usually occurs when the body is weakened in some way, such as by illness, poor nutrition, old age, or impaired immunity, and the bacteria are able to work their way into the lungs. But there is also a bacteria namely Helicobacter pyroli at the site of the ulcer. You can get CAP by breathing in respiratory droplets from coughs or sneezes, or by skin-to-skin contact. If you go to the hospital you might get: American Lung Association: “What Causes Pneumonia?” “Learn About Pneumonia.”, CDC: “Pneumonia Can Be Prevented -- Vaccines Can Help,” “Pneumococcal Vaccination.”, American Academy of Family Physicians: “Pneumonia Prevention,” “Pneumonia Treatment.”. This will likely be given intravenously, along with fluids to prevent dehydration. Pneumonia can be caused by different types of infections such as bacterial, viral, fungal and even parasitic infections. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): HAP occurs within two to three days of exposure to germs in a medical setting, such as a hospital or doctor’s office. Mycoplasma Pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria. They’ll probably listen to your lungs with a stethoscope. 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